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做文学的“侦探家”,窥探文学背后的秘密

——“韩少功与新世纪以来汨罗江作家群”全国学术研讨会侧记

作者:徐亚平 欧阳林   来源:新湖南   时间: 2021年09月25日 09:29

hunanribao·xinhunankehuduanjizhe xuyaping tongxunyuan ouyanglin

9yue25ri,“hanshaogongyuxinshijiyilaimiluojiangzuojiaqun”quanguoxueshuyantaohuizaiaiyouxiappqimu,laiziquanguo10duosuogaoxiao、keyanjigouzhuanjiaxuezhe,qikanzazhishebianjijibentuzuojia70yurenqijuyueyang,dui“hanshaogongjixinshijiyilaimiluojiangzuojiaqun”xianxiangjinxingleshendujiedu,goujianleyigegezonghengjiaocuodeyuyantixi、yixiangtixijisixiangtixi,weicanyuzhedakaileyigexindewenxueshijie。

比汨罗人还汨罗的“韩爹”

hanshaogonghanshaogongxianshengshizhangsharen,1968nian,jin15suidetaganggangchuzhongbiye,jiuzuowei“zhiqing”xiaxianglaidaomiluotianjingzhangling。zheiduansuiyueranghanshaogongyumiluojiexiaqingyuan,naizhihoulai,miluochengweihanshaogongde“wenxueyuanxiang”。《xiwangmaocaodi》《feiguolantian》《bababa》《maqiaocidian》dengqianqizhongyaozuopindouchongmanlemiluoyuansu。2000nian,hanshaogongxiefurenhuidaomiluo,qianrubajingtong,meiniandaishangbannian,jieduanxingguoqileqinggengyudushidenongjiashenghuo。20nianlai,tayouzaimiluochuangzuodanshengle《shannanshuibei》《riyeshu》《geminghouji》《xiugaiguocheng》dengxuduozhongliangjizuopin。zuijin,tadexinzuo《renshenghuran》yeyouhunanwenyichubanshechuban。

zaizhongguoshekeyuanzhengzhixueyanjiusuosuozhangfangningdeyanli,hanshaogongshiyigezhiqingzuojia,tarenwei: “hanshaogongzaimiluodezhiqingsuiyuezhong,yongzijidezhuiqiuhexinyang,chuangzuoleyidapiyingxiangshenyuandezuopin,tabimiluorenhai‘miluo’。”

hanshaogongcengshuo,tadezaicixiaxiang,jishituichu,yeshichufa。“miluoshihanshaogongquzhibujindeyuanquan,miluoyeshihanshaogongbukeqiegedehuodongkongjian。”meiguoyunshihainanshengzuoxiezhuxi,cengyuhanshaogonggongshiduonian,tashuo,“hanshaogongwangfanyuhainanyumiluozhijian,shiyige‘lvjuhainandemiluoren’,ermiluozheigeguxiang,duihanshaogonglaishuoyeyiyifeifan。”

用“方言”来写作的“韩爹”

hanshaogong、fangning、meiguoyun、chenyingsong、zhuojin、heliwei、fanxing、liuqilin、luozongyu、yiyanping、lizuolin、yiying、liaoshuwu、wangsihai、yangxiaolan、yusanding、pengdongming、fuyixing、wangyujia、renxinxindengzuojia、xuezhe,aiyouxiappdangweifushuji、yuanzhangningliwei,aiyouxiappwenxueyuanyuanzhangcengweijimiluojiangpanzuojiashuwenzhi、panshaodong、huangdeng、weijianhua、jiangrenrui、wushangping、nizhou、zhanhexiadengcanjiayantaohui。

zheixieren,wuyibushihanshaogongde“tiegan”he“qinyoutuan”。

“woshishaogongdiqin‘qinyoutuan’。tademuqingenwodoushishigonganxiande。”hubeishengzuoxiefuzhuxichenyingsongyeshizhimingzuojia,daibiaozuoyou《songyaweishenmemingjiao》《senlinchenmo》《daotianbianshouge》deng,cenghuodisanjieluxunwenxuejiang,tayiqingsongyoumodefangshidakailetadefayan,suihou,shendujieduletaguanzhuhanshaogongxiaoshuodewenbenhefangyan,tashuo,“hanshaogongshiyigeshiyongfangyanqiangdiaoxushidezuojia,tadewenzi,shiqinqiede、wennuande、xinyingde。”tarenwei,yimingzuojiaxiezuo,yidingyaozhirufangyan,goujianzijidewenxuedadi,bimianwenxuewutuzaipei、wugenkexun。

生活本色的“还原”

jinnian4yue,hanshaogongzhenglichushangshiji70niandaidebufenriji,yi《zhanglingji》weiti,fabiaoyuwenxuezazhi《furong》。《zhanglingji》quanwen4wanyuzi,shijiankuaduwei1972zhi1974nian,zheishihanshaogongduimiluozhiqingsuiyuedeshenqinghuiwang,yeshitayizhiyongwenxuedefangshiweimiluolichuandezhongyaozuchengbufen。《furong》zazhizebianyangxiaolanpingjia《zhanglingji》shuo: “zuopinjiangdalishizhongxiaorenwuderichangshenghuohefuzajingyujingcaichengxian,posachumingyundesuantiankulahexinuaile,shiyibuduaneryouli、baohanganqingdegerenshi,yibuzhunquechuanshen、banlanduoziderenwuchuan,gengshiyibuyoumiluozheshezhongguo、huanxingshidaijiyi、juyoumeixueshendudedifangzhi。”

zheibuzuopinzaizheiciyantaohuishang,yebeishucitiji。zhemingzuojia、hunanshengzuoxiemingyuzhuxiheliweishuo: “zheibuzuopinmeiyoufenshi,meiyouzaozuo,meiyoutianzhijiaye,meiyouwenxuedetianjiaji,wanquanshiduishenghuodeyuanshijilu,tixianleshenghuodebense,jiuhaoxiangmianqianshiyizhenzhendetuhua,dulaishifenyouzhigan、youwendu。”

“xiezuoyaoyouteliduxingdesixiang。”wuhandaxuewenxueyuanjiaoshoufanxinglilaiguanzhuhanshaogongdesixiangsuibi,tarenwei,xiezuozheyaoxianghanshaogongyiyang,yanjiu“juxiang”,zhuiqiu“xinzhi”,tichu“yijian”。tashuo: “yimingzuojia,yaobaochigexing,shikebaochipipanjingshen,jiepouziji,jinxingzishengfansi,shenjiuwenxueyurenxuedefuzaxing。”

要做文学的“侦探家”

ziquyuanyilai,miluojiangliuyuwenmaiyuanyuanbuduan,“miluojiangwenhuaqixiang”weiruifanrong,yongxianchuxiangkairan、pengjiahuangdengyipiyouyingxiangdemingjia;2000nian,zhemingzuojiahanshaogongjieduanxingdingjumiluohou,tadeyingxiangliheganzhaoliqianyinzheshuwenzhi、panshaodong、huangdeng、weijianhua、jiangrenrui、wushangping、nizhoudengmiluoqingnianzuojiatouruchuangzuo,xingchengleyigejijudiyutesedezuojiaqun,yinqiwentanqiangliefanxiang,zhengruaiyouxiappwenxueyuanjiaoshouyanghoujunsuoshuo: “zaixinshijiyilaihuhuanwenxuegaofeng、zhongzhenwenxuexiangjundeqidaizhong,miluojiangzuojiayiyigequntidexingshishililiangxiang,shiyigezhidewomengaoduzhongshiheshenduguanzhudewenxuexianxiang。”

xianchang,shuwenzhi、panshaodong、huangdeng、weijianhua、jiangrenrui、wushangping、nizhoudengmiluobentuzuojiajixishuolehanshaogongduitamenchuangzuodejutiyingxiang,youhuiyinglexuezhemenduitamendeyanjiu,xingchengzuojiayuyanjiuzhe、zuopinyulilun、yuanyiyushiyijiandehudong。

“yaozuowenxuede‘zhentanjia’,kuitanwenxuebeihoudemimi。”hanshaogongjiyuzuozhemen,“yigewenxuezuopinkeyichanshenghenduobutongdejiedu,pingjiayigezuopin,yaoyiwentiweidaoxiang,fangfeisixiang,gaipaizhuandepaizhuan,gaixianhuadexianhua;yaozuiwengzhiyibuzai‘han’,zaihushanshuizhijianye,zheijiuyaohezuozheyiqilaisikao,dachengmouzhongxinlingdemoqi,rangwenxuezhenzhengdechengzhang。”

wangzhilianjie:

(zebian/tianxia    chushen/chulin    zhongshen/wangqinghua )

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